Glossary of Heraldic Terms

argent ....... silver, usually represented by white
bordure ....... a border at the edge of a shield
charge ....... a pictorial representation or geometrical shape in relief
chevron ....... a broad inverted V across the centre of a shield
cinquefoil ....... a figure have five stylized 'petals'
ensigned ....... having a charge placed above, e.g. a crown
erased ....... torn off horizontally leaving a ragged edge
gules ....... the tincture red
invected ....... describing a shield divided into two horizontal sections by a wave-shaped line, the crests of the wave pointing upwards
passant ....... a beast walking with the right fore paw raised
proper ....... of a charge depicted in its natural colouring
rampant ....... of a beast in an upright position with its left hind paw on the ground
sable ....... the tincture black
tincture ....... colour